Style Guide

Hague, The (capitalize the)


hand out (v.)

handout (n.)




hard copy

hardcover (not hardback)


Always lowercase. (Note this change from earlier editions of the Style Guide.)


Head Start

high-risk (hyphenate as adjective preceding its noun, as in "high-risk behavior")

high road transfer (no hyphen)

high school (not hyphenated, even as adjective; thus, high school teacher)

high-stakes (adj.)

According to APA 6th, 3.14, "Depending on where a person is from, individuals may prefer to be called Hispanic, Latino, Chicano, or some other designation. Hispanic is not necessarily an all-encompassing term, and authors should consult with their participants. Naming a nation or region of origin is generally helpful (e.g., Cuban, Salvadoran, or Guatemalan is more specific than Central American or Hispanic)."

historic / historical

  1. Historical is the more general adjective, meaning "about history" or "of history"; thus, a historical account, a historical survey, a historical novel. Historic refers to something that is, or is likely to be, recorded in history; thus, a historic occasion, a historic battle, a historic place.
  2. Use the article a—not an—with the words historic and historical. (See a/an)

hobbit (lowercase according to M-W; the race of short peoples from J.R.R. Tolkien's books)

holistic / wholistic
WNWD lists holistic as an adjective, referring to a system or process as an integrated whole, rather than as separate parts. Thus, "a holistic approach to" medicine, teaching, and so on. Wholistic is listed as a variant in WNWD.


The Style Guide subcommittee has chosen the closed form, homepage, as the ILA standard spelling.

homeschool (v.; one word according to M-W)


Don't begin a phrase, clause, or sentence with this word. Don't use hopefully to mean "I hope," "one hopes," or "it is to be hoped." Use hopefully only in its literal sense, to mean "in a hopeful manner": The children entered the classroom hopefully, but they were soon disappointed.

the House of Representatives, members of the House

how to

  1. The phrase how to is usually followed by a verb ("how to do," "how to be," "how to make," "how to become," etc.). In such cases it is not hyphenated.
  2. In a less common, colloquial usage, the phrase how-to (alone) can be used as a noun ("She knows the whys, wherefores, and how-tos of the entire project."). In such colloquial usages it is hyphenated.

H.R. 1234 = House Resolution 1234 (a bill in the House of Representatives)

H. Rept. 1234 = House Report 1234

HTML = Hypertext Markup Language

HTTP = Hypertext Transfer Protocol (see also URL)



Hypertext Markup Language = HTML

Hypertext Transfer Protocol = HTTP